Multilateral energy collaboration

Denmark plays an active role in high-level multilateral energy discussions. Danish participation is focused on achieving cost-effective emission reductions and exchanging best practices regarding energy policies.

IEA - the International Energy Agency

The International Energy Agency (IEA) is one of the most influential institutions focused on of global energy policy analysis and debate. IEA was founded in 1974 in response to the first major oil crisis that led to increased oil prices and shortages with global ramifications. Initially, the IEA focused on oil supply security, but following changes in the global energy agenda, the IEA has adopted its focus accordingly. 

Today, the organisation has a broader focus beyond oil security. The IEA stands as the most important intergovernmental forum for cooperation on energy systems and sources.

Energy markets are continuously assessed by the IEA with regards to the role of coal, oil, gas, renewable energy, and energy efficiency. Danish experts play an active role in the planning of this work, focusing particularly on conditions concerning sustainable energy use and and efficiency.

Denmark has been a member of the IEA since it was founded in 1974.The organisation has 29 member countries, all of which are members of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD).. Since the 1990s, the global economic order has changed immensely due to significant economic growth in several developing countries, including China. This signifies that membership of the IEA no longer represents the majority of the world's energy consumption and related economic and environmental challenges.

In part based on Danish recommendation, the IEA has begun to develop closer relations with important emerging economies including as China, Indonesia, Brazil, South-Africa and Mexico as partner countries to the IEA.

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CEM – Clean Energy Ministerial

CEM was established in June 2010, as an initiative of the USA. The members are the G20 countries and a series of green front-runners that together represent about 90 % of the total global investments in clean energy and account for 75 % of global CO2 emissions.

CEM can be understood as a "trading path" that has been running parallel to UN's negotiation path in the field of climate. The Energy Ministers for energy of the 23 member countries have an annual ministerial summit in the month of May or June with a rotating host change. In addition to the summit, the countries participate in a series of 10 different initiatives that make the core of the exchange of 'best practice' within policies to promote energy efficiency and renewable energy.

Denmark is in particular active in the CEM as Chairperson of the working group promoting solar and wind power energy. Attention to comparable advantages of the position of Danish companies in the field of wind power, along with developing inspiration for domestic policy and future energy settlements are the focus areas.

As a CEM member, Denmark aims to create thematic synergies between the CEM working groups and the Danish bilateral inter-agency cooperation with important emerging economies including China, Mexico, South-Africa and Indonesia, (which are CEM members). .

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IRENA – the International Renewable Energy Agency

IRENA is the only international organisation in the world that deals exclusively with the promotion of sustainable energy sources. IRENA focuses on knowledge sharing and promotes the business case for wind power, solar energy and hydraulic energy among its member states.

The organisation has developed rapidly development since its founding in 2009 with Germany, Denmark and Spain as "founding fathers”. Today IRENA consists of 150 members and is thereby comparable to established UN organisations in terms of member numbers. IRENA works closely with other international organisations and multilateral discussions to promote renewable energy, such as the IEA and CEM. IRENA provides a forum for the exchange of experience and inspiration among countries, along with updates in the area of renewable energy development across the globe.

As a founding member of IRENA, Denmark is engaged in knowledge sharing about the Danish energy model, providing experience, expertise and leadership in the field of  wind power energy.

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MI –Mission Innovation

Mission Innovation is an international research cooperation headed by the US launched at the opening of the COP21 in Paris. The initiative focuses on strengthening of research in clean energy technology to accelerate a sustainable energy transition. A key aim is to reduce costs by making the technologies cheaper and more widely accessible.

The countries participating in Mission Innovation are obliged to contribute a doubling of their investments in research within clean energy technologies in a five year period from 2015 to 2020. Mission Innovation is a platform for the leading countries in the world within the field of energy research, where members can work together and benefit from the exchange of experiences.

For Denmark,the initiative entails the government will work for a strengthening of energy research by allocating DKK 580 million up to 2020. The means will mainly be implemented via Energiteknologisk Udvikling and Demonstrationsprogram (EUDP).

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